GERD Acid Reflux Symptoms Explained By JS Rajkumar Lifeline s
Hello, I am Rajkumar from lifeline s. and I am going to be talking to you today in this segment about acid reflux symptoms. What are they? Who gets them? What do they mean? Let’s find out. to know more about yourself, to understand the newest of technology, science, medicine and surgery.
Please do subscribe to our channel. To find out for instance in today’s segment about acid reflux symptoms. This is possibly one of the commonest diseases in the world. A large number of great people in history have suffered from severe heartburn or acid reflux. It is very easy to understand if you.
Understand that there is a valve here a valve between your gullet or your Esophaegus and your stomach. This one way valve is supposed to permit your food to go down, but its not supposed to permit your food from the stomach to come upwards again. when this happens the acid and the food from stomach go back upwards into the gullet and this is called.
Acid reflux. The number of symptoms the number of problems that come from this acid refluxing backwards are known as acid reflux symptoms. In the simplest format people have the acid being thrown back onto the gullet.
Causing heartburn especially after the ingestion of spicy or fatty meals Sometimes this heartburn can extend all the way upto the neck and can also cause throat burn and a change in voice. very often patients suffer severe chest pain exactly like they are having a heart attack. and when we investigate them We find out that the symptoms are actually acid reflux symptoms.
So, these are the typical symptoms of acid reflux disease. When this happens with gastroesophageal reflux the whole thing is called GERD. or the gastroesophageal reflux disease. There are also a number of Atypical symptoms for example there is the acid banging the throat can even cause cancer in the larynx or throat or voicebox. it can cause chronic hoarseness of voice. Young children have a lot of vomiting because of reflux. this acid going up can spin into the windpipes or the bronchi. And cause asthma. We now know that a large.
Number of patients having so called childhood asthma are really having acid reflux that is spinning into the windpipe and causing asthma. last but not least because of this acid hitting back on the gullet they can have strictures Or benign , its not cancer but benign blockages along the gullet. And sometimes acid reflux can give rise to the cancer of esophagus or Adenocarcinoma. let me tell you that the fastest growing gut cancer today in the planet is adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. and the main reason for that is acid reflux causing something called barretts changes in the gullet.
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease Heartburn MADE EASY
Digestion begins in the mouth, as food is broken down by chewing into smaller pieces. And by saliva releasing digestive enzymes such as; alphaamylase and lingual lipase When food is swallowed, it enters the esophagus A muscular tube, that carries food from the mouth to the stomach for further digestion. Contractions called â€˜peristalsis’ push the food down the esophagus. At the bottom of the esophagus food passes through a muscular valve Called the ‘Lower Esophageal Sphincter’ or ‘LES’ and into the stomach. The digestive juices secreted by the stomach are highly acidic.
When the stomach contracts to move the food into the intestine, The â€˜LES’ closes tightly in order to prevent these acidic juices From moving back into the esophagus where they can cause damage. A breathing muscle called the ‘diaphragm’ separates the chest from the abdomen. To reach the stomach the esophagus passes through the diaphragm, At a point called the â€˜hiatal ring’. If the patient has gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, Their LES does not close properly allowing acidic stomach contents,.
To flow backward into the esophagus. If GERD is not treated it can lead to variety of esophageal problems Including; ulcers, bleeding, stricter and narrowings And Barrett’s esophagus, in which the normal Stratified squamous epithelium lining of the esophagus, Is replaced by simple columnar epithelium Which are usually found lower in the GI tract. If the patient has hiatal hernia.
A portion of their stomach Is protruding into their chest cavity Through the opening in their diaphragm. A Hiatal hernia can effect the LES And increase the risk and severity of GERD. Some of the factors that can contribute to GERD are; Hiatal hernia, as we have already mentioned, Obesity.
ZollingerEllison syndrome, which can present with Increase gastric acidity, due to increase ‘gastrin’ production, Hypercalcemia, which can also increase gastrin production Leading to increase acidity. Scleroderma and Systemic sclerosis, which can feature esophageal dysmotility. Signs and symptoms of GERD includes; Epigastric burning pain traveling up into the chest.
Known as ‘heartburn’ Which can sometimes spread to the throat Along with a sour metallic taste in the mouth. Difficulty swallowing Dry cough Sore throat Hoarseness Which is due to the acid damaging the larynx or the voice box.
Regurgitation of food or sour liquids And, a sensation of a lump in the throat. GERD is most often diagnosed based on the patient’s history and symptoms. In some patients in whom the diagnosis is not clear 24 hour pH monitoring is done to confirm the etiology Endoscopy is not routinely needed, if the case is typical and responds to treatment.