Heartburn Acid Reflux GERD How To Cure Heartburn and Acid Reflux GERD
When you swallow food it travels through a tube called the esophagus the esophagus lead into the stomach through a hole in a sheet of muscle called the diaphragm there’s around muscle at the bottom of the esophagus that works like a valve the muscle relaxers when you swallow allowing food to pass into the stomach certain cells in your stomach called proton pumps release acid to help digest the food the lining of your stomach protected from.
The acid the esophagus has a different type of lining which looks like it’s made of smooth tiles the valve is designed to close tightly after you swallow so nothing comes back into the esophagus your diaphragm is also meant to pinch securely around the esophagus closing of the opening to your stomach it’s normal for a small amount of acid to occasionally splash into the.
Esophagus this is called reflux that word means flowing back a small amount of reflux doesn’t usually cause any harm but if acid splashes up into the esophagus over and over again for years the esophagus can be damaged there are several reasons this might happen it’s not uncommon for the valve to become weaker.
So it doesn’t close tightly that allows acid in partially digested food to come up into the esophagus sometimes the diaphragm weakens around the esophagus allowing the whole to become larger this hole is called the hiatus when it becomes larger part of the stomach maybowles through it this is called a hiatal hernia the hernia may cause the esophagus and the valve to move up in that case the diaphragm is no longer reinforcing the valve.
That makes it more likely that asset will get into the esophagus when acid and food splash up into the esophagus repeatedly it’s called gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD gastro for the stomach or gastric system is suffer jheel for the esophagus for many people gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD causes nothing more than occasional discomfort and other symptoms heartburn and acid regurgitation it’s possible however.
For stomach acid to damage sum up the cells in a tissue at the esophagus this is called reflux esophagitis I dis means inflamed when this occurs certain foods and drinks may cause a burning sensation as they go down the esophagus sometimes the damaged cells turn into another typeof cell this process is called met a pleasure in the case of intestinal metaplasia the cells become more like a type of tissue found in the intestines.
The cells may do this to protect themselves and the esophagus from acid sometimes intestinal metaplasia occurs where the esophagus joins the stomach the cardia when you have intestinal metaplasia up the cardia tissue at the very top of the stomach has changed it might be the part of the stomach that has bowled through the hiatus intestinal metaplasia the cardia is not generally considered a problem if intestinal metaplasia the cardio is diagnosed typically no treatment or followup is required except for the usual treatments.