Acid reflux, oesophagitis indigestion, heartburn, there are loads of different names for it but what we’re talking about is inflammation of the Gallic. Basically when we swallow food, it is taken and goes straight down the gullet it’s propelled down into the stomach there is a valve that between the bottom of the gullet and the top of the stomach and that’s supposed to be a oneway valve. Food is not supposed to go back and.
Neither is the strong acid inside your stomach which of course is used to digest your food. But unfortunately sometimes it does happen and when food or acid goes back into your gullet that’s when you get that horrible nasty burning sensation often it’s described as a burning behind the breastbone sometimes you get food refluxing into your mouth and a nasty bitter taste like bile You can also get pain in the stomach, the food is often worse.
After you eat, and it may well be worse if you eat close to bedtime because it’s often much much worse if you lie flat or if you’re cyclist if you lean down forwards on a racing bike So, what causes it? Well most commonly it’s caused by anything that increases the pressure inside the stomach one of the main causes unfortunately of course is being overweight however being constipated and a chronic cough.
Can also make things much much worse. So too can wearing a tight waistband or tight clothes which constrict your stomach. If you want to reduce the pressure inside your stomach you may well find that eating smaller meals more often will make a big difference and so will lying down later, in other words eating much longer before you go to bed other things that can reduce the symptoms, apart from losing weight and avoiding constipation, would include possibly.
Propping the head of the bed up on a couple of bricks, so that you’re not lying quite so flat and that means that the fluidacid has to reflux against gravity and it’s less likely to get back into your gullet indigestion medicines will make a big difference because they are there to counteract the acid but if you find that they on their own aren’t enough, then acid suppressing medicines which reduce the acidity inside the stomach.
Can be really useful. Get those on prescription, or you can buy them from your pharmacist with they’re advice when do you need to worry? Well acid reflux on the whole is rarely a sign of anything worrying, however if it’s a really bad pain behind your breastbone and comes on for the first time and perhaps is more tight rather than burning you do need to think whether or not this could be it’s not common, but could be the symptom of a heart attack.
Likewise, if you have severe stomach pain if it’s making you vomit a lot, especially if you vomit up blood or if you vomit up black coffee grounds, if you’re passing black tar poos, or if you’ve got blood in your stools, especially dark altered blood mixed in with a stool if you’ve been off your food, if you’ve lost weight for no obvious reason and if the pain is very very severe or you’re feeling generally unwell and exhausted in yourself. Any of those?.
Heartburn Acid Reflux GERD How To Cure Heartburn and Acid Reflux GERD
When you swallow food it travels through a tube called the esophagus the esophagus lead into the stomach through a hole in a sheet of muscle called the diaphragm there’s around muscle at the bottom of the esophagus that works like a valve the muscle relaxers when you swallow allowing food to pass into the stomach certain cells in your stomach called proton pumps release acid to help digest the food the lining of your stomach protected from.
The acid the esophagus has a different type of lining which looks like it’s made of smooth tiles the valve is designed to close tightly after you swallow so nothing comes back into the esophagus your diaphragm is also meant to pinch securely around the esophagus closing of the opening to your stomach it’s normal for a small amount of acid to occasionally splash into the.
Esophagus this is called reflux that word means flowing back a small amount of reflux doesn’t usually cause any harm but if acid splashes up into the esophagus over and over again for years the esophagus can be damaged there are several reasons this might happen it’s not uncommon for the valve to become weaker.
So it doesn’t close tightly that allows acid in partially digested food to come up into the esophagus sometimes the diaphragm weakens around the esophagus allowing the whole to become larger this hole is called the hiatus when it becomes larger part of the stomach maybowles through it this is called a hiatal hernia the hernia may cause the esophagus and the valve to move up in that case the diaphragm is no longer reinforcing the valve.
That makes it more likely that asset will get into the esophagus when acid and food splash up into the esophagus repeatedly it’s called gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD gastro for the stomach or gastric system is suffer jheel for the esophagus for many people gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD causes nothing more than occasional discomfort and other symptoms heartburn and acid regurgitation it’s possible however.
For stomach acid to damage sum up the cells in a tissue at the esophagus this is called reflux esophagitis I dis means inflamed when this occurs certain foods and drinks may cause a burning sensation as they go down the esophagus sometimes the damaged cells turn into another typeof cell this process is called met a pleasure in the case of intestinal metaplasia the cells become more like a type of tissue found in the intestines.
The cells may do this to protect themselves and the esophagus from acid sometimes intestinal metaplasia occurs where the esophagus joins the stomach the cardia when you have intestinal metaplasia up the cardia tissue at the very top of the stomach has changed it might be the part of the stomach that has bowled through the hiatus intestinal metaplasia the cardia is not generally considered a problem if intestinal metaplasia the cardio is diagnosed typically no treatment or followup is required except for the usual treatments.